The agreement in Tamil refers to the rules and conventions that govern how words and phrases are put together in the Tamil language. Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka. It is the official language of Tamil Nadu, one of the 29 states of India, and also has official status in Sri Lankan Tamil areas.
In Tamil, the agreement between words is critical for effective communication. The agreement rules ensure that words match each other in terms of gender, number, tense, and person. These rules are explained in greater detail below:
Gender Agreement: In Tamil, words are classified as masculine, feminine, and neuter. The agreement between words is based on gender. For example, the word `மனிதன்` (manithan -man) is masculine, and its verb endings are also masculine. Similarly, the word `பெண்` (pen -woman) is feminine, and its verb endings are also feminine.
Number Agreement: Tamil language uses plural markers `-கள்` (-gal) to convey the plural form of nouns. The agreement between words is based on the number. For example, the word `பலர்` (Balar -Many) is plural, and its verb endings are also plural. Similarly, the word `ஒரு மனிதன்` (Oru Manithan -One Man) is singular, and its verb endings are also singular.
Tense Agreement: Tamil has three tenses – past, present, and future. The agreement between words is based on tense. For example, the verb `பேசினார்` (pEsinaar -Spoke) is in past tense, and its subject has to match in the past tense. Similarly, the verb `பேசுகிறார்` (pEsukirAr -Speaking) is in the present tense, and its subject has to match in the present tense.
Person Agreement: Tamil has three persons – first, second, and third. The agreement between words is based on person. For example, the verb `நான் பேசுகிறேன்` (Naan pEsukirEn -I am speaking) is in the first person, and its subject has to match in the first person. Similarly, the verb `நீ பேசுகிறாய்` (nee pEsukirAy -You are speaking) is in the second person, and its subject has to match in the second person.
In conclusion, the agreement in Tamil is a vital aspect of the language. The above-discussed rules and conventions ensure that words and phrases are put together in a consistent and logical way, making Tamil a beautiful language to speak and write. The linguistic richness of the Tamil language lies in its agreement rules that make it unique and distinct from other languages.